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Russia to focus on tactical nuclear weapons for subs


File image of a Bulava missile test. RIA Novosti

MOSCOW (BNS): Russia may prioritise the development of nuclear-powered attack submarines armed with nuclear-capable cruise missiles in the future, a senior Navy official said.

However, Russia will maintain its fleet of strategic subs, the official said. Presently, the Russian Navy maintains a fleet of about 60 submarines, including 10 nuclear-powered strategic submarines, over 30 nuclear-powered attack submarines, diesel-electric submarines and special-purpose subs.

Russian news agency RIA Novosti, quoted Vice Admiral Oleg Burtsev, deputy head of the Navy General Staff as saying that probably, tactical nuclear weapons on submarines will play a key role in the future. “Their range and precision are gradually increasing. There is no longer any need to equip missiles with powerful nuclear warheads. We can install low-yield warheads on existing cruise missiles,” Burtsev was quoted as saying.

“Russia’s new Severodvinsk nuclear-powered attack submarine will be commissioned with the Navy in 2010-2011,” the admiral said.

The fourth-generation Graney class submarine combines the ability to launch a variety of long-range cruise missiles (up to 3,100 miles) with nuclear warheads, and effectively engage hostile submarines and surface warships.

However, Russia will maintain and upgrade its fleet of strategic submarines, carrying ballistic missiles, as a naval component of the nuclear triad, it said.

Burtsev said Russia will build at least six Borey-class strategic submarines to serve in the Northern and Pacific fleets.

The first Borey-class submarine, the Yury Dolgoruky, was built at the Sevmash plant in northern Russia, and is undergoing mooring trials. It will carry up to 16 Bulava-M submarine-based ballistic missiles.

Two other Borey class nuclear submarines, the Alexander Nevsky and the Vladimir Monomakh, are currently under construction at the Sevmash shipyard and are expected to be completed in 2009 and 2011.

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